Pilonidal Disease / Cysts
Pilonidal cysts are not really cysts but infected hair follicles located along the tailbone. They may lead to infection, abscess, and pain over the tailbone. We provide expert care for patients with pilonidal cysts.
Pilonidal cysts appear as small holes in the skin and ingrown hairs over the tailbone. There are more than 200,000 cases seen per year in the US. Although it occurs most frequently in the 16-26 year range it can occur at any age. As the infection progresses it can lead to severe pain and an abscess over the tailbone. The infection can cause multiple tracts or pilonidal sinuses that cause the infection to spread leading to itching or foul smelling drainage in the area between the clefts of the buttocks.
Some of the causes of pilonidal disease includes a family history for pilonidal disease, a large amount of sharp hair in the area of the tailbone, activities that lead to increased friction (bicycle or horseback riding), the depth or shape of the cleft, or other skin problems like acne, cysts, eczema, or boils. As the skin pores in this area become stretched out of place they allow dead skin, hair, sweat, and clothing lint to occlude the pores and the blocked follicles filled with secreted oil and debris become infected. The enlarged pores are called pits.
Infected pilonidal disease may present as a painful lump over the tailbone. This is a pilonidal abscess and needs drainage by an expert. In others there may be a chronic drainage that may smell and cause itching. Some people have an intermittent lump that drains occasionally. Women may have flare-ups around their menstrual cycle.
Patients with minor skin pits may have them cleaned out in the office under local anesthesia. The area should be kept clear of hairs to promote healing. Pilonidal excision surgery is done in an operating room under anesthesia. If necessary we would refer you to another surgeon.
Modern pilonidal surgery involves using incisions off of the midline. Pits are cleaned and closed. Sinuses are removed. For more extensive pilonidal disease or failures of previous surgery we recommend a Cleft Lift procedure. The disease tissue is removed and the healthy tissue is moved over to the side and closed with sutures. The cleft is flattened reducing the risk of recurrence.
We provide expert care for patients with pilonidal cysts.
At HCA we only use disposable ligation systems. Dr. Goldman introduced disposable banding to the Southeastern United States in 2006. Dr. Alan Goldman is the Medical Director of Hemorrhoid Centers of America. At HCA we have helped thousands of patients avoid surgery and get the relief they deserve. We will start you on our special hemorrhoid compounds as needed for immediate relief and help you get rid of your hemorrhoids with our ligation system.